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How Do Electronic Components Work?

How Do Electronic Components Work?

  • Friday, 05 April 2024
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How Do Electronic Components Work?

From communicating with loved ones living across continents to making a hot cup of coffee, electronic gadgets touch almost every aspect of our lives.electronic components But, what is it that makes these devices finish seemingly time-consuming tasks in a matter of minutes? The answer lies in the tiny electronic circuits that form the foundation of all electronic equipment.

A basic circuit may have just a few passive components like resistors & capacitors, but the more advanced devices consist of thousands of these components to function properly.electronic components These components work together to convert input signals into output ones and thus control the flow of electric current in a circuit. This is made possible by the way they manipulate current based on different requirements.

The major kind of electronic components can be divided into Passive & Active based on their functionality.electronic components These include Resistor, Capacitor & Diode. Passive electronics do not require any external power source to operate actively. Resistor is a two-terminal device that introduces resistance to the flow of electric current in an electrical circuit to limit its magnitude. The resistance value of a resistor is directly proportional to its size and the number of turns it has on an insulator.

Diodes are also passive electronic devices that can pass electric current in one direction but stop the flow of electricity in the opposite direction. They can be used to protect other electronic devices from voltage spikes & provide the required current for signal modulation or LED (light-emitting diode) applications. They are made by combining semiconductors of type-p and type-n.

An active electronic component called an Operational Amplifier or op-amp is capable of performing various mathematical amplification functions in a circuit. This is why it is widely used in a wide range of electronic systems. It is commonly found in amplifiers, oscillators & signal-generating devices.

Relays are electromechanical switches that use low power signals or a single signal to perform various logical operations in a circuit. They can be solid state or electromechanical and are often used in telecommunications, computer networking & automotive applications.

Microcontrollers are an important class of active PCB components that execute a task within a system. They incorporate memory, processor & I/O peripherals in a single chip and are used in many types of equipment including office machines, smart home appliances & mobile radio transmitters. They are also used to develop robots, vehicles & embedded controllers. They are used for industrial automation, motion control, Machine learning, motor drive control, Mechatronics & robotics. They are also used for power converting technologies, Photo voltaic systems & renewable energy applications. It is vital for electronic engineers to understand the specifications & characteristics of these electronic components to design accurate circuits. This helps in minimizing the risk of failure & ensuring high-quality products for customers. Therefore, it is crucial to master the basics of these essential electronic components before you start designing your own projects.

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